It might be strange to imagine that a hollow, grass-like plant would serve as a
durable floor covering. And yet, bamboo is quickly gaining popularity as a suitable
Holding the title of the fastest growing plant in the world, bamboo has always been
one of the greenest flooring materials available. Growing an amazing 47.6 inches
in a 24 hour time period, bamboo is the perfect sustainable flooring solution for
the ecologically-minded consumer.
Features & Benefits of Bamboo
- Easy maintenance
Bamboo flooring cleans easily with routine dust mopping, sweeping or vacuuming.
Bamboo flooring is ideal for allergy sufferers as it does not promote dust.
- Hardness & Durability
Bamboo flooring is harder than many hardwoods and is quite resilient and dent resistant.
In Japan, bamboo has served as industrial building materials so it’s certainly strong
enough for your family’s flooring needs.
- High moisture resistance
Bamboo flooring shares many qualities of a laminated product offering a high moisture
tolerance, making it the perfect choice for all areas of your home.
Available in both solid and engineered formats, bamboo flooring is installed much
like hardwood using nails, staples, adhesive or a simple floating method.
Types of Bamboo Flooring
Vertical / Horizontal Bamboo
Vertical and horizontal refer to the pattern in which the bamboo is laid and adhered
together. The vertical style of bamboo flooring is constructed by adhering a number
of bamboo strands together with the narrow edge facing upward creating thin lines
between the laminated strips. Alternately, these bamboo strands can be adhered along
the narrow edge resulting in the wider portion facing upward. This style if referred
to as horizontal bamboo. Both vertical and horizontal bamboos are available in natural
and carbonized options.
Strand Woven Bamboo
In addition to vertical and horizontal, a third style known as "strand-woven"
bamboo is also produced. The unique process in which strand woven bamboo is constructed
dramatically increases the density and hardness of the product. Unlike the other
manufacturing processes, strand woven bamboo uses the entire plant. The bamboo fibers
are intertwined, creating a new piece of timber with an extraordinary amount of
durability. With a Janka Hardness Rating twice that of domestic oak, strand woven
bamboo has earned the title of the "indestructible floor".
Also known as "fumed finish", carbonized bamboo is generally of a darker
"brownish" color rather than its natural blonde appearance. The term "carbonized"
comes from the process in which the bamboo is steamed or boiled, caramelizing the
sugar in the bamboo strands. While the rich tones of a carbonized bamboo are appealing,
the carbonization process causes the floor to be approximately 30% softer than regular
The Manufacturing Process
After an approximate 5 year maturation period, the bamboo stalks are harvested and
prepped for processing. Upon arrival to the plant, the logs are sliced into individual
long strips. These strips are then cut near the approximate width of the bamboo
After being cut, the bamboo strips are steamed under pressure. This process removes
sugars and insects from the bamboo. The bamboo retains its natural coloring throughout
the process. Darker shades of bamboo, referred to as Carbonized Bamboo have been
subjected to longer periods of carbonization.
Once the carbonization process is complete, the dried bamboo strips are then assembled
either vertically or horizontally and then bonded together under tremendous weight
and pressure which binds the strips together. Bamboo flooring is bonded using formaldehyde
adhesives. Superior manufacturers use formaldehyde levels lower than the United
States quality controls require.
After the bamboo is hot pressed, blanks are ready for the milling process. Much
like traditional hardwood, the typical bamboo flooring is designed in a tongue and
groove format. Following milling, the boards are sealed with an aluminum oxide wear
layer to add additional protection and durability.
- Quality and Inspection
The final step in the manufacturing process is inspection and grading of the bamboo
planks. The planks are separated into two categories – A and B. B quality is often
sold to discount stores who use the material for their two-dollar bamboo offerings.
As you shop, keep in mind that a crucial factor in determining the quality of your
bamboo flooring is the age at which the bamboo was harvested. Generally, high quality
bamboo flooring is harvested at full maturity - no earlier than five years. Premature
bamboo is very soft and tends to bleach more easily in areas that receive direct
Shop With Confidence
The bamboo selection offered at Efloors.com represents the finest Bamboo choices
on the market today. From manufacturers such as EcoTimber,
CFS and LW
Mountain, you can shop with confidence knowing we have done the research